- Education in the 21st Century
- Educating language and math
- Working together,
- social and cultural skills, communicating, critical thinking, creativity, knowing technology and the skill to solve problems.
- Core subjects
- To live - commited, to work - enterprising,
They stated that we are entering a new world, in which technology is becoming a bigger part in our society. And that means, also our education has to change. Pupils should be teached new skills.
Were do these skills come from?
Jobs are changing, our society is changing from an industrial to an information society and technology is becoming a bigger part of our lives. As kids of this society wouldn't be able to imagine an society were they couldn't go online in an instant, or were it would be forbidden to do so.
What do these skills mean?
- Working together
Being able to adapt, achieving results together, support and inspire each other.
Working together seems like something teachers were always interested in. Even some of our anchestors, for instance, Daltoneducation, has it in their roots. So working together doesn't seem very 'new' to me.
Why is it 21st Century? Because in this information society, alot of people, and so also jobs, are connected to each other. Think about Twitter, Facebook or LinkedIn. People think of new ways to work together from huge distances.
- The skill to solve problems
recognizing problems and setting up plans to solve them.
I think this differs alot between teachers and schools. Some teachers ask pupils to solve problems by working together, and they talk with the pupils when they're done. Other teachers tell pupils what to do and that's it. HUGE differences.
Why is it 21st Century? It's purpose increases. Teachers starting to see the value of letting pupils experiment and solving problems their own.
- Knowing technology
How to use technology in an efficient way. Especially in education. Like I said before, technology isn't going to change education. It's going to support it. And one very big one, using technology in combination with informationskills.
A big problem pupils are facing now is what they find, is that true? Is it evidence-based? So checking your sources, analysing, selecting good sources are important skills.
Why is it 21st Century? This is probably the only real 21st Century Skill, stated by kennisnet themselves. Because we are getting surrounded by technology everyday. And based on research, pupils don't know how to deal with technology, or how to use it. They don't learn it themselves. We have to teach them. - Het digitale kind van nu. 20 Februari 2014. De redactie van Kennisnet. Binnengehaald op 08-04-14 van http://www.kennisnet.nl/themas/mediawijsheid/het-digitale-kind-van-nu/
Creating new ideas, look from different angles, think outside the big black box called guidelines.
Kids re-producing the same paper spider you made isn't called creativity. It's something from our industrial society, were the accent was on producing. I really hope that teachers will compliment pupils that think of new ways, original ideas and praise pupils for being, and most importantly, wanting to be different.
How is this 21st Century? The purpose of having information is changing. As everything is becoming available online. Now the accent is becoming how to deal with information. How can you separate yourself from the rest?: creativity.
- Critical thinking
The ability to create your own opinion, create your own way. Supported by validated sources.
I don't even remember how many times I was frustrated about teachers who just demanded an answer from their pupils. These pupils had no idea what they were talking about or what it ment. Just giving the 'right' answer was the assignment I suppose. But what is the right answer? Looking from an different angle or perspective is a way of critical thinking. And as we just learned that pupils don't think critical because they don't even check their sources, I think we can state that we have to teach them how to be a critical thinker aswell. One of my most favorite ways of doing this is definetly Philosophizing with childeren. Especially historical choices people made is an excellent subject.
Why is it 21st Century? With this huge availability of information, it is key for us to know how to separate the opinions and lies from the truth.
A big thing during working together. Communicating is discribed as sending and receiving messages. But really knowing or understanding what someone actually said. Instead of thinking to know what he said. Seems to be very difficult. Even, if not more, for adults. Appreciating feedback is also such a thing. Like with the thinking hats of Bono. If a black hat (critcial thinker, sometimes a bit negative) gives you feedback, and the only thing you can think about is that he is being negative towards you. Forget that collaboration.
Why is this 21st Century? The way we communicate has changed alot. With technology being the medium between persons, it becomes harder for people to understand what people mean to say. It is only text and emoticons. Also texting is alot easier than actually talking to someone in person. The bad thing about this is that people curse easilier and become harsher.
Communicating isn't only changing because we don't do it directly to each other, we also communicate over bigger distances. Like using skype to chat with a friend who is on a trip somewere far away. Tip: make use of this, and let pupils interview your friend? Or let your friend ask your pupils premade questions?
And last, we can also communicate to big groups all at once using known programs like Twitter, Facebook and stuff like that. If you use this in a smartway, people will know you before you even need a job as a teacher. For instance, we have someone at our minor who gets asked from all over the country to talk to students, or teach for a few days. Just because they know him by Twitter and like his work. Diversity is the key!
- Social and cultural skills
This is mostly about respect, wanting to understand the people around you and working together with all kinds of people.
In my opinion, social skills have always been an underestimated skill. I think teachers and parents should be working closer together to achieve bigger results. And mostly it will improve their child his social skills because the teacher and parent know better what to expect from each other, and they communicate better and more often. But that's just my opinion.
Why is this 21st Century? The boundaries are becoming smaller thanks to this information society. We come in contact with a bigger diversity of people and have to work together with them.
What does this change?
We talked about this with A. van Walraven in our minor. She stated that teachers who teach 21st Century Skills, and thinking they are the 'new skills of the 21st Century' are bad teachers. When I first heard this I was totally blown away. But in some way I think she was right. These skills are new at this moment. But the need for these skills to be educated is very old and our education is slow. We can't adapt our education as fast as the demands change. I think as a teacher, you should use this model as a guidance.
- Minor KLM
- Benodigde vaardigheden voor de 21ste eeuw. Onbekend. Kennisnet. Op 08-04-14 binnengehaald van http://www.kennisnet.nl/themas/21st-century-skills/vaardigheden/benodigde-vaardigheden-voor-de-21ste-eeuw/